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HFM Lakeshore Orthopaedics specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of hip and knee disorders in patients of all ages and activity levels. The initial treatment for hip or knee arthritis is typically nonoperative. Anti-inflammatory medications are often prescribed to decrease inflammation within the joint, which may provide some pain relief. Physical therapy and a low impact exercise program serve to increase range of motion and strength of the lower extremity and may be of benefit in some patients with arthritis. Running, jumping, and other high impact activities should be avoided, as they may aggravate the condition. Weight reduction will help to decrease the load borne by an arthritic joint and is recommended for overweight individuals.
Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory agents that may be injected directly into the knee joint. This will provide symptomatic relief in some patients and has a low risk of complications. Viscosupplementation is another option for patients with symptomatic arthritis. Hyaluronic acid therapy entails a series of 3-5 injections, which has been found to decrease inflammation and relieve pain in some individuals. Some patients have reported a transient reaction to these injections, but otherwise, the risk of complications is low. Although many patients experience symptomatic relief after hyaluronic acid therapy, there is no scientific evidence that this will alter the progression of arthritis.
For patients who do not improve with conservative measures, surgery is often considered. The most definitive treatment for symptomatic arthritis of the knee or hip is total joint replacement. Joint replacement surgery is undoubtedly one of the greatest medical advances of our time. More than 90-95 percent of individuals who undergo total joint replacement will experience a significant reduction in pain and improvement in overall function. Innovations in implant technology coupled with state-of-the-art techniques allow current hip and knee replacements to function at least 20 years in 90 percent of patients.
HFM Lakeshore Orthopaedics offers the latest innovations in total joint replacement surgery, including:
- Anterior Hip Replacement
- Revision Hip and Knee Replacement
- Muscle Sparing Joint Replacement
- Rapid Recovery Joint Replacement
- Narcotic-Free and Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement
- Gender-Specific Knee Replacement
- No Precaution Total Hip Replacement